Personality Types Chart

Carl Gustave Jung worked out a theory of personality types (in the 1920s), where he identified four psychological functions, each with two possible forms. The functions are:

#1, inward or outward personal focus,
#2, how the self evaluates the outer world,
#3, what basis the self uses to make decisions,
#4, how the self deals with multiple possibilities.

The paired forms of each function are:

#1, introvert/extrovert,
#2, intuitive/sensorial,
#3, thinking/feeling,
#4, judging/perceptive (open-to-possibilities).

The eight elements from which sixteen personality types can be defined are:

Introvert (I):
An inward personal focus.

Extrovert (E):
An outward personal focus.

Intuitive (N):
Evaluate the external world by focusing on ideas.

Sensorial (S):
Evaluate the external world by focusing on things.

Thinking (T):
Basing decisions on thought (analysis).

Feeling (F):
Basing decisions on feeling (emotion).

Judging (J):
Seeking to close possibilities and capture the moment.

Perceptive (P):
Seeking to open the possibilities of the moment.

Using the letter symbols for each of the eight elements, one can list the sixteen types, (grouped by temperament) as follows:

(NF temperament): ENFJ, INFJ, ENFP, INFP.

(NT temperament): ENTJ, INTJ, ENTP, INTP.

(SJ temperament): ESTJ, ISTJ, ESFJ, ISFJ.

(SP temperament): ESTP, ESFP, ISTP, ISFP.

The sixteen types were used (in the 1950s) by Isabel Myers and Katheryn Briggs, who formulated the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, a test for identifying an individual’s default pattern of action. By the 1980s, David Keirsey and Marilyn Bates had grouped the sixteen types into four temperaments (as above), and expounded on this in their book: Please Understand Me, Character & Temperament Types. Keirsey and Bates used the following temperament labels:

NF temperament: Apollonian
(seekers of fulfillment through metaphysical insights),

NT temperament: Promethean
(fulfilled by seeking power over nature through knowledge),

SJ temperament: Epimethean
(seeking fulfillment through duty, service and social structure),

SP temperament: Dionysian
(seeking fulfillment by the direct sensation of life through action).

My parenthetical characterizations (above) of K&B’s four temperaments are necessarily incomplete; read their book for their detailed intentions.

My chart shows that:

People have either a sensorial (S; hands-on) or intuitive (N; mind-based) manner of interacting with the world external to the self.

SPs and SJs have a sensorial (S) self-world interaction.

NTs and NFs have an intuitive (N) self-world interaction.

SPs aim to open the possibilities of the moment by focusing on things (sensation of the world); where the T-type variety use thought to decide how to act, and the F-type variety use emotion to decide how to act.

SJs aim to close possibilities and capture the moment by focusing on things (the nuts-and-bolts of “reality”); where the T-type variety use thought to decide how to act, and the F-type variety use emotion to decide how to act.

NTs are naturally instinctive analysts; the P-type variety use thoughtful analysis to expand the possibilities of the moment (options), while the J-type variety use thoughtful analysis to close off possibilities and capture the moment (finality).

NFs are naturally instinctive empaths; the P-type variety use intuitive emotion to expand the possibilities of the moment (options), while the J-type variety use intuitive emotion to close off possibilities and capture the moment (finality).

A set of secondary features, shown in the chart, are these:

SPs will extrovert (interact with others by talking about and showing) things and concrete details.

SJs will introvert (base their behavior on a hidden internalized mulling over of) things and concrete details.

P-type NTs will extrovert (interact with others by talking about and showing) their ideas.

J-type NTs will introvert (base their behavior on a hidden internalized mulling over of) their ideas.

P-type NFs will extrovert (interact with others by talking about and showing) their feelings.

J-type NFs will introvert (base their behavior on a hidden internalized mulling over of) their feelings.

The chart is my attempt to abstract all the above into one graphical image.

C. G. Jung did not linger too long with his personality type theory (the basis of all subsequent formalizations) because he knew that real people can mature with experience, and round out their personalities beyond the default patterns they were born with. Introverts (I) can learn how to make public addresses, Extroverts (E) can learn how to keep silent and listen to others, Sensorials (S) can learn how to be patient and listen to the elaboration of ideas and theories, Intuitives (N) can learn how to evaluate data and calculate specifics, Thinkers (T) can learn how to accept emotions, Emoters (F) can learn how to be logical, Judgmentals (J) can learn to be flexible, and Perceptives (P) can learn to arrive at useful conclusions. Jung believed that most people should be able to round out their psychological functioning by the age of 37.

So, the personality type model above is best taken as a rough guide of the general patterns of habitual individual behavior, rather than some robotic psychological horoscope.


The Ignorance-Prejudice Cycle

Ignorance is the source of fear,
which leads to prejudice, greed and superstition.

Many people are emotionally attached to
their prejudices, grasping and superstitions,
considering them the essence of
their personalities, identities, cultures and traditions.
So, they defend them against all attacks by
contradicting facts and evident moral responsibilities,
often even preferring death to enlightenment.

This is the vicious ignorance-prejudice cycle:

-> Ignorance defensively resorting to prejudice for protection,
instead of bravely exposing itself to change by seeking knowledge;

and in turn

-> Prejudice maintaining stupidity by defending ignorance
in order to preserve the self-image of fearful people
of weak mind and character,
who wish to appear powerful, moral and successful.


Outline History of Life and Human Evolution

The following Outline of the History of Life on Earth, and Human Evolution was written by my friend HWPTRA, a Life Sciences scholar. This outline history is a list of some of the significant events during the 4.5 billion years of Earth’s history. Any one of the entries in this list is itself a vast topic with an enormous literature (both scientific and popular) behind it; the brief descriptions here are little more than labels pointing the interested reader toward that literature (as on the Internet) for all the details.

The years and periods listed for the events are always to be taken as very approximate. As science advances, the time or period estimated for a listed event can be found to be different than previously thought, sometimes significantly different, and the sequence of events can even change as a result of new knowledge. So, this list is a snapshot of our knowledge today, where we understand that there are limits to the precision of that knowledge. Even so, it is a fascinating and enlightening presentation, which can help us gain a bare-bones yet integrated overview of the natural history that eventually produced us, Homo sapiens sapiens.

Following the outline history of life on Earth, I post a Histo-Map of human civilizations, compiled by John B. Sparks in 1931. To help the reader, I have posted six images of this map: one of the entire map, and five of sequential sections of the map. Also, I list a link to a website that shows a “big” version of the entire map. In all cases you will find lots of tiny print, and may wish to expand an image for easier reading (until it becomes fuzzy due to the low resolution of the original). The Histomap covers the interval of 2000 BC to 1930 AD, perhaps half of human history, and a very late 0.86 millionths of Earth’s history. Enjoy.


Outline of the History of Life on Earth, and Human Evolution

If the entire 4.5 billion years of Earth’s history were compressed into a single year:

1. January and February: it was too hot for any life to evolve.

2. March 1st to July 25th: bacteria were the only life forms on the planet.

3. July 25th: oxygen in the atmosphere was finally at near modern levels, and oxygen-using eukaryotic cells evolved.

4. November 20th: animals with backbones appeared.

5. December 22nd: first placental mammals appeared.

6. December 29th: the first apes appeared.

7. December 31st, 6:00 PM: Homo erectus appears.

8. December 31st, 11:46 PM: Homo sapiens (modern man) appears.

9. December 31st, from 11:59 PM to 12:00 AM (midnight): all of human history.











Histomap 2000BC-1930AD


Addendum (1 March 2017)


Earliest evidence of life on Earth ‘found’
1 March 2017

Two Flowers, Two Thoughts

“The fact that your talents and contributions go unrecognized does not mean they lack merit. Many excellent accomplishments and worthy actions by individuals go unnoticed, because neither awareness nor gratitude are as common among the population as one could wish. If what you achieve and what you do causes no harm and does some good, however limited and unnoticed, then you can be heartened by a justifiable and realistic self-esteem.”

— Albert B. Coutras


“As the bee takes the essence of a flower and flies away without destroying its beauty and perfume, so let the sage wander in this life.”

— The Dhammapada, 49 (translation by Juan Mascaró)


School Trolls and Choice Schools

Multi-culturalism doesn’t work. Every ethnicity wants to promote its own and win “success” over all others. That is why there is a visceral preference for segregation by every ethnicity everywhere. On the idea of integration, American schools have proved that: if they are public and separate they cannot be equal; if they are integrated and public they cannot be excellent; if they are private and selective they can be integrated and good. “Excellent” means every student graduates with a good education. “Selective” means expensive for the average student, and free for cherry-picked exceptional talent in poverty.

To be excellent, a school must be staffed with educators, those who enable each student to succeed at learning how to become a motivated critical thinker who proceeds to carry on their own career. Being an educator requires talent and awareness that can deliver teaching suited to each individual student’s needs. American schools are too rigid and disorganized, and have too few educators and too many bureaucratic gatekeepers and trolls (as in the story “Three Billy Goats Gruff”). These trolls maintain the barriers students are supposed to overcome on their own “to prepare them for college.”

These barriers are quite simply a lack of teaching: a lack of clear specific answers to individual students’ questions about assigned work (“see my blog”), substituting “homework” as self-learning by students in place of “the teacher” actually presenting informative classroom instruction, and an obsessive rigidity about grades and schedules (on which public school income is now based). The consequence of these barriers and the “preparation” they provide is to frustrate natural talent and to inculcate onto succeeding generations the intellectual mediocrity that the school trolls embody.


18 February 2017, response to above, on US Public/Mandatory Primary Education:

[The School Accountability Scam, and mandatory standardized testing] “is an intentional set up to bring about the demise of the public education system” BINGO! “The future of our educational system, and the future of our children, is at stake.” NOT A CONCERN. $620+B of public money is spent on public education in the US each year. The FREE MARKET sees this as a waste, and wants to get this bountiful money stream flowing into its hands as another goldmine of profitability (“privatize”). This is what all the hysterical propaganda (lies) and the push for “vouchers” to for-profit schools is all about. The economic dream is to have Harvard-level tuition for “competitive” Pre-Schools and all the way up: Elementary, Middle, High School, and college. Just as good money can be made from your-money-or-your-life “private” and “voucher” health care (“insurance”), so will parents desperate for successful children “pay anything” for getting their baby into a “good” school (without “those” low class students) which will guarantee (ha ha) their baby graduating into the success class of American society. School privatization is purely stealth segregation on steroids, and sadly, most Americans are prejudiced enough and delusional enough (about their own merit) to believe in this. Betsy DeVoid is not an aberration, she is the face of the popular national ignorance — and prejudice and greed. For these “success” people (who are intrinsically anti-democratic), mass public education is solely for the purpose of grinding down childhood creativity and curiosity into featureless, unquestioning, obedient and reliable robots, to be used as disposable laborers in the economic enterprises of the success people. If the US corporations really need workers who know math or science, they can just import them on H1-B visas from Malaysia or Russia, or wherever they actually teach youngsters. It’s all about the money; it’s all about exploitation; people don’t count because that is an unwanted overhead expense to mechanized systems of profitability (capital gains!). There is no national solidarity, it is all colonialism with a plantation economics mentality.



Mandala Jesus

Mandala Jesus

Jesus was an old man when he died.
What were his kids like?, his wife?, his girlfriends?
What kind of love and gratitude
brought Mary Magdalene to his feet?
Is there any way left of recapturing
the humanity of Jesus,
or are we stuck with the mummified wrappings
of religion, fantasy and cult?
How did it feel
to sit with Jesus drinking at night
meditating on the course of human events?
The dreams and visions of Jesus were those of a man.
Perhaps we deify him
to avoid the burdens of paradise.
“The kingdom of heaven is within you.”

11 January 1983

Russian-Hacked USA, and Other Follies

Tonight (10 January 2017, President Barack H. Obama delivers his televised farewell address. In 10 days, Donald Trump will be sworn in as President of the United States of America. Below are some of my thoughts at this juncture.


On “Russians hacked the election making the USA have Donald Trump as president, and not Hillary Clinton”:

Reading the commentary and all the comments here (on Juan Cole’s blog, “Informed Comment,” on 6-9 January 2017), I think your consensus is:

#1, that the public exposure of the Podesta (Clinton, DNC) e-mails did sway the election “to Trump,” specifically away from Clinton; and

#2, that this was a bad thing, a cause for anger, and that the perpetrators of these leaks should suffer retribution from the US Government.

On point #1: there has been no doubt cast on the veracity of the leaked e-mails, therefore if a portion of the public was swayed to vote “away from Clinton” because of these e-mails then they were swayed by truthful information that had previously been hidden from them: “transparency.” I favor transparency, and believe it serves the public interest.

On point #2: If voters being swayed by the exposure of truthful information of public interest is “a bad thing,” then those who believe this prefer voters being fooled and “guided” by powerful insiders (Orwell called them the Inner Party).

Those angry that insider (mainly DNC) plans went awry are angry at the workings of democracy with better informed voters. Why not be angry at the betrayal of fair-play and democratic principles that thwarted the Sanders campaign (the most popular option nationally)? Why not be angry that such a monumental betrayal of public trust was done for the benefit of extremely corrupt and deceitful insiders (H. Clinton and associates)?

The effort to pin blame on “the Russians” for spoiling the insider’s succession gambit is just a poor and cowardly excuse to deflect attention from the Inner Party’s colossal failures:

– to devise an economy that serves the public (the major grievance of Trump voters, also Sanders voters), and

– to maintain (not corrupt) the institutions and mechanisms of democracy (the popular will having an influence through voting, the major grievance of Bernie, 3rd party and anybody-but-Clinton voters).

If killing the messenger (Assange, “the Russians,” mystery hackers, or whoever you most want to hate) is your reaction for being shown the truth, then you are condemned to be the victim of your own follies for a long time.

Trump was elected because the public consensus is that voting now has no influence on public policy — so real people can’t get what they need and want from it — but it still can sometimes be used to throw a Molotov-cocktail-by-ballots into the cozy connivances of the Inner Party.

Who is responsible for letting it get to this point? The Russians?


My view of the significance of President Obama’s administration (2009-20016) to American history is linked below. I wrote it in 2008.

Obama and the Psychic Auto-Shrink-Wrapping Called Race in America

Here is Cornel West’s summation of the Obama Administration:

Pity the sad legacy of Barack Obama
9 January 2017


It is as likely that American capitalists will preserve the Social Security Trust Fund and Publicly Funded Education, as that the Chinese will end trading in rhino horn, elephant tusk and bear liver. These are the Golden Cities of Cibola and the Fountains of Youth, which the obsessed conquistadores of temporal power can never refrain from lusting after.

Climate Change is the still wet graffiti of collective world greed pressed within the geological strata of the future.